Base Station

What is a Base station ?

Icom Base station

A base transceiver station (BTS) may be a piece of kit that facilitates wireless communication between user equipment (UE) and a network. UEs are devices like mobile phones (handsets), WLL phones, computers with wireless Internet connectivity. The network are often that of any of the wireless communication technologies like GSM, CDMA, wireless local loop, Wi-Fi, WiMAX or other wide area network (WAN) technology.

BTS is additionally mentioned because the node B (in 3G networks) or, simply, the bottom station (BS). For discussion of the LTE standard the abbreviation eNB for evolved node B is widely used.

Though the term BTS are often applicable to any of the wireless communication standards, it’s generally related to mobile communication technologies like GSM and CDMA. during this regard, a BTS forms a part of the bottom station subsystem; developments for system management. it’s going to even have equipment for encrypting and decrypting communications, spectrum filtering tools (band pass filters) then on. Antennas can also be considered as components of BTS generally sense as they facilitate the functioning of BTS. Typically a BTS will have several transceivers (TRXs) which permit it to serve several different frequencies and different sectors of the cell (in the case of sectorised base stations). A BTS is controlled by a parent base station controller via the bottom station control operation (BCF). The BCF is implemented as a discrete unit or maybe incorporated during a TRX in compact base stations. The BCF provides an operations and maintenance (O&M) connection to the network management system, and manages operational states of every TRX, also as software handling and alarm collection. the essential structure and functions of the BTS remains an equivalent no matter the wireless technologies.

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