With the increasing amounts of e-waste, governments have reviewed available policy options and concluded that placing the responsibility for the post-consumer phase of certain goods on producers could be an option. Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is a policy approach under which producers are given a significant responsibility – financial and/or physical – for the treatment or disposal of post-consumer products. Assigning such responsibility could in principle provide incentives to prevent wastes at the source, promote product design for the environment, and support the achievement of public recycling and materials management goals. Within the OECD the trend is towards the extension of EPR to new products, product groups, and waste streams such as electrical appliances and electronics.
According to E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 an e-waste means electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in part discarded as waste by the consumer or bulk consumer as well as rejects from manufacturing, refurbishment and repair processes.
According to E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 Extended Producer Responsibility’ means the responsibility of any producer of electrical or electronic equipment, for channelization of e-waste to ensure environmentally sound management of such waste. Extended Producer Responsibility may comprise of implementing take back system or setting up of collection centers or both and having agreed arrangements with authorized dismantler or recycler either individually or collectively through a Producer Responsibility Organization recognized by producer.
Every producer, manufacturer, refurbisher, dismantler or recycler of electrical and electronic equipment has to obtain a registration from the State Pollution Control Board or the Pollution Control Committee of the Union Territory concerned.
The E-Waste rules apply to every manufacturer, producer, consumer, bulk consumer, collection centres, dealers, e-retailer, refurbisher, dismantler and recycler involved in manufacture, sale, transfer, purchase, collection, storage and processing of e-waste or electrical and electronic equipment listed in Schedule I, including their components, consumables, parts and spares which make the product operational but shall not apply to –
- Used lead-acid batteries as covered under the Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001 made under the Act;
- Micro-enterprises as defined in the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 (27 of 2006); and
- Radio-active wastes as covered under the provisions of the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 (33 of 1962) and rules made thereunder.
For Proprietory / Partnership Concern
For Pvt Ltd / Public Ltd Company
India is believed to generate 25,00tons of plastic waste every day. So much that plastic is entering the food chain. This can alter human hormones and cause life-threatening diseases. Thus, it is imperative for governments to step up and enforce laws to combat this crisis. For this Government introduces the term Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) in 2016 Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016.
Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 defines the Extended Producer’s Responsibility (EPR), as responsibility of a producer for the environmentally sound management of the product until the end of its life.
Every Producer, recyclers, and Manufacturer of plastic has to obtain a registration from the State Pollution Control Board or the Pollution Control Committee of the Union Territory concerned.
The Plastic Waste Management rules apply to every waste generator, local body, Gram Panchayat, manufacturer, Importers, and producer of Plastic Materials.
The fee to be paid by the applicant seeking authorization under section 8 of the Delhi Plastic Bag (Manufacture, Sale and Usage) and Non –Biodegradable Garbage (Control) Act, 2000 (Delhi Act No.6 of2001).
Industrial Units having Paid UP Capital/Capital Fees
- Not exceeding Rs.5,00,000/- 250.00
- Between Rs.5 lakh and Rs.20 lakh 500.00
- Between Rs.20 lakh and Rs. 1 crore 1000.00
- Exceeding Rs. 1 crore 2000.00
For Proprietory Concern
For Pvt/Public Ltd Company
Collection centers are responsible to collect e-waste on behalf of producer or dismantler or recycler or refurbisher including those arising from orphaned products and ensure that the facility in accordance with the standards or guidelines issued by Central pollution Board.
In the case the dealer has been given the responsibility of collection on behalf of the producer, the dealer shall collect the e-waste by providing the consumer a box, bin or a demarcated area to deposit e-waste, or through take-back system and send the e-waste so collected to collection centre or dismantler or recycler as designated by producer and ensure that no damage is caused to the environment during storage and transportation of e-waste.
Refurbisher collects e-waste generated during the process of refurbishing and channelize the waste to authorized dismantler or recycler through its collection center and ensure that the refurbishing process does not have any adverse effect on the health and the environment.
The dismantler ensures that the facility and dismantling processes are in accordance with the standards or guidelines prescribed by Central Pollution Control Board from time to time and ensure that non-recyclable or non-recoverable components are sent to authorized treatment storage and disposal facilities.